You may have heard the term bureaucratic leadership but you’re not sure what it means. It is a term used to describe the method of doing business within an organization or institution. It is a very important element in successful management.
Think of bureaucracy as the body behind the legislative process that governs the country or the state.
The word bureaucracy comes from two Greek words, meaning “the art of governing”craftsman”. It refers to the interaction between the ruling body and the governed that occurs in the legislative and administrative systems.
What is Bureaucratic leadership?
Bureaucratic leadership is a political job description and the exact focus is to act as a single point of control and direction for a large, unorganized mass of individuals or masses that are not organized at all.
You are free to act or perform without directly interacting with your superiors. On the other hand, they are in charge and you must be obedient to their decisions.
The issues of leadership that are associated with bureaucracy are that they must have a command over the “space” and people on the organizational structure.
They must know how to use their knowledge and skills to help the group reach its goals. They must also know when to move from the subordinate role to the top-level manager’s role.
The different types of bureaucratic leadership are mostly built around the operational abilities of the leader and the hierarchical communication structure that are established within the team.
This type of leadership can also be called functional leadership because it is associated with the ability to perform a range of tasks and functions within an organization or group.
The Different Forms of Bureaucracy
The different forms of bureaucracy are the “helicopter” bureaucratic structure, the “pilot” bureaucracy and the “crew” bureaucracy. The last one is a form of hierarchical leadership that places a control hierarchy in the bottom of the pyramid.
Procedural leadership is the strategy employed in the team to make a decision based on the collective wisdom and knowledge of the team. It is also known as managerial leadership and represents the superior knowledge and planning abilities of the person.
Administrative leadership is usually part of the traditional method of leadership that is most commonly referred to as “strategic leadership”. This type of leadership involves having a strong influence on the system’s structure and the decisions that are made.
Procedural and administrative leadership are interdependent. If one is not the other, the other will suffer.
Functional leadership consists of the use of procedural communication and overall strategy to determine the flow of events in the organization or in the group.
The functional leaders are able to recognize problems and respond appropriately by modifying the plan accordingly. They are the ones who can change a situation if the leader becomes overwhelmed by the situation or if a problem arises.
In this kind of leadership, the leader will have a more “hands-on” management style. Their role is more participative and direct.
Managers have been thought to be the responsibility of functional leaders while the managerial style of a supervisor has been associated with functional leaders.
However, it seems that organizational units and teams may function better with functional leaders.