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Animal Procurement and Quarantine SOP- Animal House SOP

Animal Procurement and Quarantine SOP lays out the guidelines for acquiring animals and subsequently ensuring they are quarantined and assessed for health status before being introduced to the existing population. Here’s an example of the process, compliant with the CPCSEA guidelines and GLP principles:

Animal Procurement and Quarantine SOP- Animal House SOP
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Animal Procurement and Quarantine SOP

Animal Procurement

Animals should be procured from CPCSEA-registered breeders or suppliers only. It’s important to maintain documentation detailing the source of animals, species, strain, sex, age, and health status. Any transportation should ensure minimal stress and optimal welfare of the animals.

Procuring animals for research purposes must always be conducted under the highest ethical standards and regulations, and should aim to minimize harm and stress to the animals. Here’s a detailed breakdown of the procedure following the CPCSEA guidelines and GLP principles:

1. Source Selection: Animals must be procured from a CPCSEA-registered or an internationally accredited breeder or supplier. When selecting a supplier, consider the health status, genetic background, and care and use protocols of the animals in their facility.

2. Order Placement: The order for animals should be placed with all necessary details including species, strain, age, sex, and any specific health or genetic requirements. The number of animals ordered should be as per the approved animal use protocol and should follow the principle of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement).

3. Pre-shipment Health Reports: Request pre-shipment health reports from the supplier. These should include information about the animal’s health, vaccination, and any treatments received.

4. Transport: The supplier should use species-specific, approved methods of transport that ensure minimal stress and risk to the animal’s health and welfare.

5. Arrival Check: On arrival, check the animals for any signs of stress or ill-health. Also, verify the details of the delivered animals against the order.

6. Documentation: Record the source of the animals, order and arrival dates, number of animals received, species, strain, sex, age, and health status. If there are any noticeable health issues, those should also be recorded and addressed immediately.

Quarantine Facility

A designated quarantine area should be established, separate from the main animal housing facility. This space should have its own independent ventilation system to avoid cross-contamination.

The Quarantine Facility is an essential part of an animal research laboratory, serving as the first point of entry for animals procured from outside. The aim is to isolate these animals and monitor them for potential illnesses or diseases before introducing them into the main facility, thus minimizing the risk of infection or cross-contamination. Here are some guidelines for a quarantine facility in compliance with CPCSEA guidelines and GLP principles:

1. Separation: The quarantine area should be physically separated from the rest of the animal facility to prevent the spread of diseases. It should have its own entry and exit points, and there should be a clear demarcation between the quarantine and the main housing area.

2. Ventilation: The quarantine facility should have an independent ventilation system separate from the rest of the animal facility to avoid the potential spread of airborne pathogens.

3. Size and Layout: The size and layout of the facility should be designed in a way that it can comfortably accommodate the maximum number of animals that may need to be quarantined at any one time. It should also allow for easy cleaning and maintenance.

4. Caging: The cages or housing units within the quarantine area should be designed to minimize stress and facilitate the observation of animals for any signs of illness.

5. Equipment and Supplies: The quarantine facility should have its own dedicated equipment and supplies, which should not be shared with the main animal facility. This includes cleaning equipment, food and water supplies, and waste disposal systems.

6. Biosecurity Measures: Appropriate biosecurity measures should be implemented, such as wearing dedicated personal protective equipment (PPE) while inside the quarantine facility. There should also be protocols for disinfection of personnel and materials entering and exiting the facility.

7. Personnel: Only trained personnel should be allowed access to the quarantine area. They should be aware of the signs of common diseases in the species being quarantined, and the procedures to be followed in case an animal is suspected to be ill.

8. Record Keeping: Records should be kept for all animals in quarantine, including their source, date of arrival, observations of health status, and any treatments given.

Regular review and updating of these procedures are necessary in accordance with the latest CPCSEA and GLP guidelines. Any changes to these guidelines should be implemented as soon as possible to maintain the health and welfare of the animals and the integrity of the research.

Quarantine Procedure

On arrival, animals must be placed in the quarantine facility. The duration of quarantine will depend on the species and their potential diseases but should be a minimum of one to two weeks.

The quarantine procedure involves a set of steps to ensure that incoming animals do not introduce diseases or pathogens into the main facility. The following procedure adheres to CPCSEA guidelines and GLP principles:

1. Animal Receipt: Upon the arrival of animals, they should be examined for signs of illness, distress, or injury. Ensure they match the order details (species, strain, age, sex, etc.) and record the information.

2. Quarantine Assignment: Newly arrived animals should be placed in the quarantine facility. This area should be separate from the main animal housing to prevent potential cross-contamination.

3. Duration: The length of the quarantine period can vary depending on the species, the potential diseases, and the vendor’s health report, but generally, it should last at least one to two weeks.

4. Health Monitoring: A designated veterinarian or adequately trained personnel should conduct regular health checks during the quarantine period. This includes observing animals for signs of distress, illness, or abnormal behavior.

5. Diagnostic Testing: Depending on the species and potential risk of disease, diagnostic tests may be performed during the quarantine period to ensure that animals are disease-free. This could include fecal tests, blood tests, skin scrapings, or other necessary tests.

6. Treatment: If an animal is found to be ill, it should be given appropriate treatment as determined by the veterinarian. If an animal is found to be carrying a contagious disease that cannot be treated, it may have to be humanely euthanized to protect other animals.

7. Documentation: Keep detailed records of each animal’s health status, any treatments, and other relevant information during the quarantine period.

8. Release from Quarantine: Only after the quarantine period is over and the animals have been assessed to be healthy should they be introduced into the general population. If animals are not deemed healthy, they may require further quarantine, treatment, or, in some cases, humane euthanasia.

9. Cleaning and Sanitation: Once animals are moved out of quarantine, the area should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before new animals are brought in for quarantine.

10. Training: Staff should be properly trained on quarantine procedures, potential zoonotic diseases, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).

This procedure ensures that diseases are not introduced into the general animal population, which could impact animal health and compromise research data. As with all procedures, it should be reviewed regularly and updated as necessary to ensure compliance with current guidelines and regulations.

Health Check and Monitoring

During the quarantine period, a thorough health check of each animal should be carried out by a competent veterinarian. Animals should be monitored daily for signs of distress, illness, or abnormal behavior.

Health checks and monitoring are critical aspects of animal care in research facilities. They help to ensure the welfare of the animals and the validity of the scientific data collected. Here’s a detailed procedure following CPCSEA guidelines and GLP principles:

1. Initial Examination: Upon arrival, a preliminary health check should be performed by trained personnel or a veterinarian. This includes observing the animals for signs of distress, illness, or injury and noting down the results.

2. Regular Health Monitoring: During the quarantine period and beyond, animals should be monitored daily for any signs of disease, distress, or abnormal behavior. Monitoring should include observations on food and water intake, weight (where appropriate), physical condition, and behavior.

3. Detailed Examination: Depending on the species and the health status, a more detailed health examination may be necessary. This might include diagnostic tests such as blood tests, fecal analysis, and other relevant tests.

4. Disease Identification: If an animal is suspected of being ill, appropriate diagnostic tests should be performed to identify the disease. The animal may be isolated to prevent potential transmission of diseases.

5. Treatment: If an animal is found to be ill, it should be treated as prescribed by the veterinarian. The treatment procedure and the response of the animal should be carefully documented.

6. Euthanasia: In cases where an animal has an untreatable disease or is in severe distress, euthanasia may be necessary. It should be performed humanely by trained personnel, following approved methods.

7. Documentation: Detailed records should be maintained for each animal or group of animals. Records should include information on daily observations, any health checks performed, findings, treatments given, and outcomes.

8. Training: Personnel conducting health checks and monitoring must be adequately trained in animal handling, signs of common diseases, and humane endpoints. Regular refresher training is also recommended.

9. Veterinary Care: A veterinarian should be available for consultation and should oversee the health monitoring and care program.

Regular health checks and monitoring not only ensure the welfare of the animals but also contribute to the quality of the research, as healthier animals yield more reliable and reproducible results. Procedures should be regularly reviewed and updated to ensure that they are in line with the current best practices and regulations.

Record Keeping

Detailed records must be maintained of all activities including the source of animals, their arrival date, health check results, and any treatments administered.

Record keeping is a crucial part of managing an animal facility, ensuring that all actions related to animal care, use, and welfare are properly documented. Here’s a basic procedure compliant with the CPCSEA guidelines and GLP principles:

1. Animal Details: Each animal or group of animals should have a record that includes their source, species, strain, sex, age, identification number, and arrival date.

2. Health Records: These should include the results of initial and ongoing health checks, any treatments administered, diagnostic test results, and any observations of behavior or signs of illness.

3. Procedure Records: Any procedures performed on the animals should be documented, including the date, description of the procedure, personnel involved, and any analgesics or anesthetics used.

4. Quarantine Records: Details about the quarantine period, including duration and any health observations, should be recorded.

5. Animal Disposition: The final disposition of each animal should be recorded, including data on adoption, euthanasia, natural death, or transfer to another facility.

6. Staff Training Records: Keep records of all training received by personnel, including the dates and the subjects covered.

7. Facility Maintenance: Document cleaning, sanitation, and maintenance activities for the animal facility and the equipment.

In line with GLP principles, all these records should be accurate, up-to-date, and maintained in a manner that ensures their integrity and retrievability. Regular audits or reviews should be performed to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the records. These records also play a crucial role during inspections or audits to prove compliance with regulatory guidelines.

Introduction to the Main Facility

Only after the quarantine period and once the animals are deemed healthy, they should be introduced to the main animal housing facility.


All personnel involved in the procurement and quarantine process must be adequately trained in the respective SOPs.


This SOP should ensure the wellbeing of the animals and help in maintaining the integrity of the experiment by reducing the risk of disease transmission.

This is a basic guideline, but specific procedures might vary based on the species of the animal, the nature of the experiment, and institutional policies. Regular review and updates of the SOP in accordance with latest CPCSEA and GLP guidelines are also necessary.

Please note that the exact regulations may vary by region, and the researcher should always refer to the most recent guidelines from their governing bodies.

  1. Animal Procurement: This refers to the process of acquiring animals for research or experimental purposes. It involves selecting an appropriate source or supplier, ensuring that the animals meet the specific requirements for the research (such as age, sex, species, and health status), and arranging for their safe and humane transport to the research facility.
  2. Quarantine Facility: A quarantine facility is a designated area within a research or animal facility where newly arrived animals are kept temporarily to monitor their health and acclimate them to the new environment. It is separated from the main animal housing area to prevent any potential spread of disease.
  3. Quarantine Procedure: This refers to the protocols followed during the quarantine period. These may include health monitoring, diagnostic testing, and any necessary medical treatment, with the aim to identify and control any potential diseases before the animals are introduced into the main facility.
  4. Health Check and Monitoring: This involves a systematic examination of the animals by a qualified veterinarian or trained personnel to assess their overall health. Monitoring refers to the regular observation and recording of animals’ health status and behavior.
  5. Diagnostic Testing: These are tests performed to detect specific diseases or infections in the animals. The type of tests used will depend on the species of animal and the potential diseases they may carry.
  6. Record Keeping: This is the process of maintaining accurate and complete records of all activities and observations. In the context of animal procurement and quarantine, it may include details of the animal source, arrival date, health checks, diagnostic test results, treatments, and any significant observations.
  7. Introduction to the Main Facility: Once animals have completed the quarantine period and are deemed healthy, they are moved into the main animal housing facility. This process should be done in a way that minimizes stress to the animals.
  8. Training: In the context of animal care and use, training refers to the process of teaching personnel the correct methods and procedures to ensure the humane treatment of animals and the validity of the experiment. This could include training on animal handling, health monitoring, and the execution of the specific procedures outlined in the SOPs.
  9. CPCSEA Guidelines: CPCSEA (Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals) is an Indian statutory body that formulates guidelines and rules for the ethical use and care of animals in scientific research.
  10. Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Principles: GLP principles are a set of internationally recognized guidelines aimed at ensuring the quality, integrity, and reliability of non-clinical studies, including animal studies. They cover all aspects of a study, from organization and personnel to study conduct, reporting, and archiving.

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