Water Pollution Essay

Water Pollution Essay! Learn About the Water Contamination

What is Water Pollution Essay? It is an unnatural occurrence in which an unnatural substance is introduced to or is discovered in water that is normally treated. The most common water contaminants that are found in water systems are hazardous metals, chemicals, organic chemicals, bacterial cysts, pesticides, prescription drugs, etc. Water pollution can negatively affect fish, aquatic animals, and human life. As a result, the people that use water treatment facilities face serious consequences.

Water Pollution Essay
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What is Water Pollution (Essay)?

It is the pollution of water bodies, generally due to human activities. Water bodies include for instance lakes, rivers, seas, aquifers, groundwater, and coastal areas. Generally, water pollution results from the introduction of chemicals, pesticides, drugs, synthetic fertilizers, etc.

What is Water Pollution? Different types of wastes are the main reason behind water pollution. Industrial wastes, pharmaceutical drugs, pesticides, chlorination, etc. pollute aquatic areas and surface waters. Coastal regions are more prone to polluted waters because it is near the shore and beaches are filled with waste materials.

Large cities are more prone to water pollution because of the accumulation of garbage in city areas. Landfills are created in the cities to collect garbage. Along with landfills, there are also large number of open defecation sites throughout the country. These sites store huge amount of waste, which pollutes the rivers and lakes. This may lead to the environmental pollution also.

Types of Water Pollution

There are two types of water pollution – surface and deep water pollution. Surface water pollution refers to the introduction of synthetic substances into the environment. Examples of such substances are pesticides, industrial wastes, solvents, anti-freeze and other similar substances. Deep water pollution on the other hand refers to the introduction of harmful synthetic substances in the aquatic system. These substances may be chemicals such as pesticides or industrial waste and may also consist of radioactive material or organism.

Source of Water Pollution?

Point-source pollution comes from storm runoff, which results in chemical contamination. About seventy percent of USA’s fresh water is contaminated by sewage. Industrial waste and runoff from farms and cities contaminate fresh water bodies such as rivers, streams, and lakes. Fish die after being exposed to contaminated water and human beings get infected by consuming contaminated fecal matter.

Oil Pollution

Oil pollution mostly occurs in coastal regions and in big oil producing countries like India, China, and USA. Over 80% of oil spilled in the world’s oceans is from just a few select oil producing countries. Oil spills also pollute aquatic life by killing fishes and hurting their aquatic life. About twenty-five percent of all marine species have been wiped out due to oil pollution.

Bacterial Blooms

Bacterial blooms are caused by the overloading of non-bioorganisms in water bodies. These non-bioorganisms grow and multiply rapidly, creating a suitable breeding ground for odor-producing bacteria. The most common symptom of polluted rivers and lakes is that fishes and other aquatic life do not survive. They either starve to death or move to another river or lake where they can survive. These fish and aquatic life slowly pollute the surrounding waters and eventually make their way into fresh water bodies where they begin to multiply once more.

Groundwater pollution

Groundwater pollution affects the quality of surface waters and the quality of groundwater stored beneath the earth’s surface. Aquatic biodiversity is also affected as harmful chemicals from factories and other sources contaminate the groundwater.

Global Warming

Global warming is believed to be one of the main reasons for this pollution. Industrialization and demand for manufactured goods have led to the contamination of the earth’s soil and water. Industrial compounds like pesticides, insecticides, and cancer-causing chemicals have contaminated the earth’s soils. Chemical waste, used for everything from fertilizers to gasoline and industrial batteries, have found their way into the oceans and rivers, causing a drastic reduction of oxygen in the water and killing millions of aquatic species.

Climate Change

Resource depletion, overfishing, climate change, land expansion, and mismanagement of natural resources have contributed to this problem. Without water pollution, we would be able to enjoy fresh, drinkable water for all our basic needs such as drinking, cooking, washing, bathing, and irrigation.

Chemical Bags

Chemical Bags and Recycling are some of the major contributors to this environmental pollution. These are plastics and bags that contain hazardous substances such as lead, pesticides, prescription drugs, and hairspray among others. They occupy so much space that aquatic creatures cannot live in them. Excessive chemicals found in our bodies have a tendency to accumulate in the digestive system of animals and eventually enter the water supply.

With all these reasons to protect our planet, it is important that we find solutions immediately. We can no longer afford to have unsafe water. Every year, hundreds of thousands of people die from drinking contaminated water and thousands of others get afflicted by diseases caused by unsafe water.

Water Pollution Essay
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How To Get Rid Of Water Pollution?

There is a huge problem with water pollution and that is the fact that it is taking place in our world today more than at any other time. Unfortunately, we have become so dependent on this liquid that we cannot live without it and we also need to use it for our basic needs.

Therefore, the consequences of water pollution are disastrous in many different ways. Some of the more obvious ones include the rising of water prices, loss of agricultural productivity and the degradation of the ecosystem as a whole. However, there are also some less noticed consequences.

Clean Water

First of all, the lack of clean fresh water means that we are indirectly killing millions of birds every single day. In fact, this has been estimated as being the cause of over one billion fatalities between the 1990s and the present day. This is not an issue of course; it is something that can be stopped immediately. The key to how to get rid of this pollution lies in taking immediate action in conserving and reusing water as much as possible.


Secondly, this type of pollution has serious effects on ecosystems are very important for the earth in terms of its overall health. This is a very grave problem because we could soon face major degradation in our environment. In fact, according to the World Wildlife Fund, there are nearly 22 million glaciers around the world which have been melting due to the increased level of water pollution.

It therefore stands to reason that the sooner we tackle this problem, the better. It is important therefore, to make sure that we take the lead and that governments and conservation agencies to take necessary steps to address the issue as soon as possible.

Agriculture Land

Another important way in which water pollution can be tackled is through controlling the quantity of agricultural land which is used for growing crops. This is because livestock require a large amount of water in order to survive. One might argue that animals are not the cause of this pollution, but they certainly are a major contributory factor.

Livestock farming not only depletes aquifers but it also causes an imbalance in nutrient distribution within the ecosystem. As well as this, there is also the threat posed by genetically modified food crops which are most likely to contain harmful additives such as herbicides and pesticides.


How to get rid of water pollution also depends on how we treat the water once it is being supplied to us. Wastewater treatment plants are required to remove contaminants such as anthropogenic contaminants, but they can also create additional problems in that they release hazardous chemicals into the atmosphere which are difficult to neutralize. One of the best ways to deal with such pollution is through reuse. With this in mind, one should ensure that they use as much recycled water as possible.


Recycling is another way of reducing pollution. However, this should be done in carefully controlled circumstances. A good example of this would be to build low-flow toilets in places such as washing stations or showers.

This has the added benefit of reducing sewage emissions by reducing the volume of water used. It is important that you learn more about the various options available to help you recycle the water you do use.

Synthetic Materials

One of the best ways of doing this is to reduce the amount of synthetic materials that are being manufactured. Plastic is one of the common elements in manufacture and its manufacture often results in pollution.

Car pooling and car-sharing programs are two good ways to reduce the amount of plastic waste that is being produced. It is important to remember that we need to think beyond the “green” issue when it comes to our water supply as the damage caused by plastic pollution will eventually seep into our fresh water supplies and cause irreversible damage.


One of the most important ways of learning how to get rid of water pollution is to educate ourselves. Learning about the various methods and solutions available can be a challenge but it is important to be diligent in your research and to always question those who are presenting an option as to whether it is the right solution or not.

It is also important to remember that each situation is unique and that what works in one area might not work in another area. As long as you are persistent, it is possible to find solutions to pollution that works.

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